Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that can end up affecting the eyes. The reddening of the skin that it causes (hence the name) is characteristic, most notably on the face. It is more common in women and in fair-skinned people.
Initially, the condition can present intermittently and it manifests with reddening of the nose, cheeks and chin.
Rosacea in the first stages manifests with:
- Redness on the face (forehead, nose, cheeks and chin).
- Skin that feels like it is burning, swollen or hot, that may worsen if the person with the condition goes into places with a higher room temperature.
- Small red blood vessels that can be seen under the skin (couperose).
- Irregular or uneven skin or with spots that sometimes contain pus.
The condition in a more advanced state can present the following symptoms.
- Swollen and irregular nose (generally in men)
- Facial swelling.
Many people who have rosacea also have problems with their eyes. These can include:
- Reddened, dry eyes, with stinging, burning, watering, or having the sensation that there is sand in the eyes.
- Puffy and swollen eyelids.
- Eyes sensitive to light.
- Cloudy or blurred vision in addition to other eye problems.
There is no single treatment for rosacea. Usually, the different types of symptoms are treated individually, for example:
- For spots: They are usually treated with creams (metronidazole or finacea), oral antibiotics or oral isotretinoin.
- For veins: with Candela VBeam laser.
- For episodes of redness there is no treatment that works. That is why we usually give indications on what may help it not to appear. (See health advice for rosacea).