Pulmonology is the medical speciality that studies respiratory system diseases; the Pulmonologist's goal is to prevent, diagnose and treat respiratory diseases.

Our commitment to the fight against smoking, the main cause for current respiratory diseases, is noteworthy.

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neumologianeumologiaServices portfolio

Services portfolio

  • Lung cancer.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): chronic bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema.
  • Intrinsic and extrinsic asthma. Bronchial hyper-responsiveness associated to exercise.
  • Respiratory infections: bronchitis, tracheobronchitis, pneumonia.
  • Interstitial lung diseases: pulmonary fibrosis, autoimmune pathology respiratory compromise.
  • Sleep disorders: sleep apnoea syndrome, obesity hypoventilation syndrome.
  • Acute and chronic respiratory failure: oxygen therapy, mechanical ventilation.
  • Pleural pathology: pleural effusions, pleural tumours.
  • Neuromuscular diseases with respiratory musculature compromise.
  • Deformities of thoracic cage with secondary respiratory weakness.
  • Smoking.
neumologianeumologiaDiagnostic tests

Diagnostic tests

For the early diagnosis and subsequent prescription of a suitable treatment and monitoring, we offer the following services:

  • Respiratory function tests, dedicated to the comprehensive assessment of the respiratory system's function

    • Standard spirometry
    • Spirometry with bronchodilator test
    • Spirometry in supine position
    • Maximum pressures
    • Diffusion
    • Plethysmography
    • Measurement of nitric oxide in exhaled air
    • Arterial blood gases

  • Smoking addiction detection and monitoring tests: CO-oximetry

  • Sleep disorder detection tests

    • Respiratory poligraphy
    • Nocturnal polysomnography
    • Nocturnal pulse oximetry

  • Thoracic image diagnostic tests

    • Computed tomography (CT)

    • Thorax X-ray (Rx)

    • Thoracic ultrasound

  • Respiratory endoscopy tests: diagnostic and therapeutic bronchoscopy



Despite the constant battle of healthcare authorities to end smoking and although its incidence has been largely reduced, smoking is still the main cause for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, etc.

CO-oximetry is a test to assess the levels of carbon monoxide and therefore quantify the degree of smoking and the subsequent risk of disease.

By determining the amount of CO2 a person exhales, it is possible to know that person's blood oxygenation capacity.

Degrees of intoxication

For better patient control and to prescribe adequate treatments, the following classification has been set according to the Parts Per Million of carbon monoxide exhaled (ppm):

    • 0 to 5 ppm - No intoxication

    • 6 to 10 ppm - Slight intoxication

    • 11 to 30 ppm - Moderate intoxication

    • More than 30 ppm - Severe intoxication

- Slight intoxication