Psychiatry is the medical discipline that is responsible for the study, diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses.
Diagnosis in psychiatry is always established through a detailed medical record, in which, in addition to the symptoms described by the patient, biomedical, biographical and psychosocial factors must be considered. Unfortunately, to date, there are no imaging or laboratory tests that can confirm or exclude diagnoses in this field.
The treatment of mental illnesses mainly includes psychotropic drugs and different forms of psychotherapy. For this reason, it is essential that the therapeutic team includes psychiatrists and psychologists, as the scientific evidence available to date suggests that the most effective treatment for most pathologies consists of a combined approach. In recent years, new psychotropic drugs have been added, which have become increasingly effective and better tolerated, as well as other therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of pathologies resistant to standard treatment, especially different functional neurosurgery techniques.
General Psychology and Psychiatry
Different mental disorders are one of the main causes of suffering and disability in our day, both for those who suffer them and for their family members. We have a wide range of therapeutic options that allow us to soothe the suffering caused by these pathologies and reduce their impact on the lives of those who suffer them.
- Mood disorders
- Anxiety disorders
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Schizophrenia and other Psychosis
- Eating disorders
Child and Adolescent Psychology and Psychiatry Unit
Childhood is a particularly vulnerable period. There are some psychiatric disorders that usually start early in life. This is why it is so important to offer an early and intensive approach in order to improve the quality of life and functionality of our patients, as well as to limit the potential impact that the disease may have in the long term. In the child and adolescent population, the psychotherapeutic approach is of particular importance; it should take into account both the patient and their family members.
- Emotional difficulties
- Traumatic events
- Family separations
- Behavioural disorders in Intellectual Disability
- School failure
- School bullying
- Behavioural problems
- Addiction to new technologies
- Eating disorders
The advanced stages of life are also particularly vulnerable. In addition to the higher prevalence of certain problems in advanced stages of life (such as dementia), some symptoms appear in a particular way in old age. Furthermore, we must bear in mind that our elders may be more sensitive to the side effects of medication and that many of them already take multiple medicines, which can result in an increased risk of pharmacological interactions.
- Behavioural disorders in dementia
- Depressive pseudodementia
- Symptomatic management of Acute Confusion
- Geriatric depression
- Psychiatric disorders in polymedicated patients
Resistant Pathology Unit
We know that certain cases can be particularly difficult to control. The first thing we must do in the event of a resistant pathology is a detailed and thorough medical record, since diagnostic errors are often the main cause of therapeutic failure. Once an accurate diagnosis has been established, we must ensure that factors such as proper medication intake and the use of appropriate drugs and therapeutic doses are properly controlled.
In recent years, instruments have been developed that allow us to identify genetic variations and help us to predict the response to certain treatments and sometimes explain why some treatments are not effective.
Psychosurgery has been shown to be a safe and effective tool to treat different resistant pathologies, such as Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Anxiety Disorders and some forms of Depression. Our team works closely with the Neurosurgery Department, which has extensive experience treating these disorders.
Perinatal Care Unit
The Perinatal Mental Health Care Unit focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric and psychological disorders associated to the perinatal period: pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum. This programme is developed in close collaboration with the other professionals who attend to women in the perinatal period, especially gynaecologists, midwives and paediatricians.
The programme includes the following services:
- Pregnancy planning in women under psychosomatic treatment or with prior psychiatric disorders.
- Quick consultation for pregnant women who need psychosomatic treatment.
- Individualized comprehensive treatment plan (pharmacological, psychological, couple and family) during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum for women with mental disorders.
- Treatment of psychiatric or psychological pathology secondary to an interrupted pregnancy or perinatal mourning.
- Care for psychological problems related to difficulties to conceive.
- Comprehensive approach to the treatment of postpartum depression, preventing mother-newborn bonding disorders and couple's crises in this situation.
Family and Couple's Therapy Unit
Family is the fundamental social core, where we develop as individuals and where we form our identity. Family is like a "living being" that goes through different phases. Sometimes conflicts arise and development stalls in one of these phases, resulting in symptoms in some family members. It is then necessary to provide an assessment and treatment to promote the healthy development of all family members.
Family therapy is based on a systemic approach. This approach is based on the family's strengths, strengthening ties and offering better communication guidelines to improve the relationship and the healthy development of all members.
Couple's Therapy (with or without children) focuses on creating a therapeutic space for the couple in order to identify both their strengths and their dysfunctional communication patterns. This intends to improve emotional communication and to work on the bond to strengthen the couple and the family.